What Are Native Plants?

Butterfly pollinating native Aster

Foundation of our natural ecosystems

Native plants are the foundation of our natural ecosystems and protect biodiversity.  They are adapted to local environmental conditions, require less water, stabilize soil, purify air, and support wildlife. 

Life force

They are the environmental basis upon which life depends, including birds and people. Without them and the insects that co-evolved with them, local birds cannot survive as the native nuts, seeds, and fruits produced by these plants offer essential foods for all forms of wildlife. 

Provide vital habitat

In addition to providing vital habitat for birds, many other species of wildlife benefits as well. They provide protective shelter for many mammals. 

Less chemical treatments

Once established, native plants do not need pesticides, fertilizers, or watering. Not only is this good for the environment, it saves time and money.  


Natives grow in sync with local conditions and can withstand regional climatic changes, such as: drought, flood, frost, or blizzard. Native perennials, vines, wildflowers, and groundcovers rapidly fill out garden areas, either by reseeding or spreading, and are easily divided to create free plants for starting new gardens. 

Natives and Pollinators

Native plants provide nectar for pollinators including hummingbirds, native bees, butterflies, moths, and bats.