Hummingbird feeding from Bee Balm

Hummingbirds specialize on nectar feeding, they play an important role in pollination. These colorful, migratory birds serve as a link between plant populations by visiting flowers and moving pollen over great distances.  To attract hummingbirds to your garden, provide them with nectar starting in early spring. 


Butterfly and Bumblebee feeding from Cone Flower

Bees are by far the most effective pollinators because they feed only on flowers. Flowers attract and reward bees for their pollination service. Bees gather nectar for fuel and pollen (or bee bread) to feed their young brood.


Butterfly feeding from Milkweed

Butterflies favor platform-shaped

sunflowers and asters, but will feed on a diversity of nectar-rich flowers from violets to serviceberry shrubs.  They prefer red, purple, or yellow flowers with sweet scents.  

Bumble Bees, Mason Bees, Leaf Cutter Bees ...

Bumble Bee feeding from Ironweed

Bees are a diverse group of insects that include four thousand species native to North America. They can be organized into two groups based on their nesting lifestyle: solitary or social. About three-quarters of native bees in North America are solitary nest builders.

Honey Bees


Honeybees pollinate 80 percent of our flowering crops, which constitute one-third of everything we eat. Losing them could affect not only dietary staples such as apples, broccoli, strawberries, nuts, asparagus, blueberries and cucumbers, but may threaten our beef and dairy industries if alfalfa is not available for feed. 

Beetles, Flies, and Wasps

Pollinating wildflowers

Beetles present the greatest diversity of insects and pollinators. They feed on pollen and even chew on flowers, creating a soil pollination process as they pick up pollen and carry it to other flowers.

Because they’re so abundant, flies are important pollinators even though they transport less pollen than bees.

Pollen wasps are solitary nesters and you might find their hard mud nests attached to rocks or twigs.